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  • Raw fastq files were downloaded from NCBI or from author web site if not deposited to NCBI

  • All datasets were processed with cutapdapt (Martin et al. 2011) to remove primers and the dada2 R package (Callahan et al. 2016) to compute ASVs.

  • Samples with less than 1,000 reads after processing not considered.

  • Assignment was done with dada2 assignTaxa using the 18S PR2 4.14.0 as reference

  • ASVs with less 100 reads total and with bootstrap value at the supergroup level < 75 were not considered.

  • Total read number per sample has been normalized to 100 with 3 decimals so that the value displayed in the different panels correspond to % of total eukaryotic reads. For this the number of reads for a given ASV in a given sample was divided by the total number of reads in this sample multiplied by 100.


  • Callahan, B.J., McMurdie, P.J., Rosen, M.J., Han, A.W., Johnson, A.J.A., Holmes, S.P., 2016. DADA2: High-resolution sample inference from Illumina amplicon data. Nature Methods 13, 581–583.

  • Martin, M., 2011. Cutadapt removes adapter sequences from high-throughput sequencing reads. EMBnet.journal 17, 10.